Below are different approaches in effective research based  psychotherapy treatment modalities..

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a general term for therapies that emphasize the significant role of thinking in affecting how we feel and what we do. It is based on the idea that it is our thoughts, and not external factors, that cause our feelings and behaviors. The concept is that we can change the way we think in order to feel, act, or react better to external factors in our lives.

The objective of CBT is to teach the client how to understand the critical external factors affecting her or him. These are called self-counseling skills, and their effect is to positively change the ways the client acts or reacts to those external factors.

Additionally, the therapist and client work together to define meaningful, realistic goals for the client and to determine ways of achieving them. CBT is formulated on learning to identify negative emotional and behavioral reactions and on developing ways to encounter them. The valuable quality of CBT therapy is that learning leads to long-term positive, effective results.

Crisis Intervention Therapy

Crisis Intervention Therapy focuses on circumstances in which an individual is confronted by events he or she does not have adequate psychological resources to cope with, such as sudden death, life-threatening situations, natural disasters, job loss, retirement, criminal or sexual victimization, terminal illness, trauma, post traumatic stress, or divorce. These are sudden, unexpected developments in the individual’s immediate environment - events in which usual problem-solving mechanisms and coping skills are ineffective.

The objective of Crisis Intervention Therapy is to provide immediate, short-term assistance to people experiencing mental, emotional, behavioral and/or physical distress. Crisis Intervention Therapy also includes immediate intervention following the crisis and assisting the individual in effectively encountering it and determining appropriate strategies. Crisis Intervention Therapy is effective in eliminating the reversion to maladaptive coping skills - in other words, avoiding psychological breakdown. Additionally, Crisis Intervention Therapy seeks to help the patient in returning to pre-crisis levels of functioning.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a form of depth psychology, the primary focus of which is to reveal the unconscious content of a client's psyche in an effort to alleviate psychic tension.  In this way, it is similar to psychoanalysis.  It also relies on the interpersonal relationship between client and therapist more than other forms of depth psychology.  In terms of approach, this form of therapy also tends to be more eclectic than others, taking techniques from a variety of sources, rather than relying on a single system of intervention.  It is a focus that has been used in individual psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, family therapy, and to understand and work with institutional and organizational contexts.

Mental Health Links
The following links are listed to provide you with additional online mental health care information and counseling resources.

ABUSE - ELDER/DOMESTIC & CHILD - (877)854-3594 - Human Options

Addiction and Recovery
Alcoholics Anonymous
Alcoholics Anonymous Recovery Resources
Center for On-Line Addiction
Habit Smart
SAMHSA's Substance Abuse/Addiction
SAMHSA's Treatment and Recovery
Web of Addictions

Anxiety Disorders
Answers to Your Questions About Panic Disorder

Self-Help Strategies for Panic Disorder
National Center for PTSD
Obsessive Compulsive Information Center

Associations & Institutes
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy
American Counseling Association
American Psychiatric Association
American Psychological Association
American Psychological Society
Canadian Mental Health Association
Center for Mental Health Services
National Institute of Mental Health
National Mental Health Association
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, NIMH
Born to Explore: The Other Side of ADD/ADHD

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence
Childhelp USA®
SAMHSA's Children and Families
SAMHSA's Protection and Advocacy
Questions and Answers about Memories of Childhood Abuse
The National Domestic Violence Hotline Website
Women, Violence and Trauma

Chronic Fatigue
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Bipolar Disorder News -
Depression and How Therapy Can Help
Depression Screening
Depression Test, Symptoms of Depression, Signs of Depression

Developmental Disorders
Asperger's Disorder
Pervasive Developmental Disorders

DSM-IV-TR: Diagnoses and Criteria

Dissociation and Traumatic Stress
Sidran Foundation Home Page

Eating Disorders
American Dietetic Association
Something Fishy

Journals & Magazines
ADHD Report
Anxiety, Stress and Coping
Contemporary Hypnosis
Depression and Anxiety
Drug and Alcohol Review
Early Child Development and Care
Eating Disorders
Educational Assessment
Journal of Gambling Studies
Journal of Happiness Studies
Journal of Mental Health and Aging
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Language and Cognitive Processes
Loss, Grief & Care
Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities
Metaphor and Symbol
Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Personal Relationships
Personality and Individual Differences
Psychiatric Bulletin
Psychology of Men & Masculinity
Psychology Today
Stress and Health
Studies in Gender and Sexuality
Substance Abuse
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Trauma, Violence & Abuse

Medications and Health Supplements
Drug Interactions, Alternative, MotherNature
Drug Interactions, DIRECT
Medical Dictionary
Medications, FDA
Medication, Internet Mental Health
Medications, PDR
Medline, Comparison
SAMHSA's Psychiatry and Psychology

Mental Health Care General Links
Internet Mental Health
Let’s Talk Facts, APA
Mental Health Counselor Resources,
Mental Help Net
Mental Illnesses/Disorders
University of Michigan Health Topics A to Z
Web Sites You Can Trust, Medical Library Association

Personality Disorders
Mental Help Net - Personality Disorders
Personality Disorders - Focus Adolescent Counselor Services

Suicide Awareness and Hotlines
SAMHSA's Suicide
Suicide Awareness Voices of Education
Suicide: Read This First

Additional Mental Health Care & Counseling Resources
Interpretation of Dreams
Keirsey (Myers-Briggs) Temperament Sorter
Signs of Menopause, Symptoms of Menopause

Suicide Awareness and Hotlines

Great resource on every topic in Mental Health -- HelpGuide is a trusted non-profit mental health resource:


In case of an emergency -- please dial 911


  • The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-8255

  • National Hopeline Network: 1-800-784-2433

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 
1-800-273-8255, press 2
Hotline is open 24hours a day, 7 days a week to provide crisis counseling to those in suicidal crisis or emotional distress.  Confidential, Anonymous, Free in US

Hotline is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to provide crisis counseling to those who are in suicidal crisis or emotional distress. Confidential, Anonymous, Free in US.


International Association for Suicide Prevention


Website lists hotlines which offer immediate crisis counseling by phone to those who are in suicidal or emotional distress in over 100 countries.  Provided hotlines are Confidential, Anonymous, and Free in respective country.  

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP)


Website provides information about understanding suicide, preventing suicide, and coping with a loved one’s suicide.

Website provides information about suicide and finding local resources. 


Website provides information about suicide and steps to take to get intervention for yourself or a loved one.  Website lists crisis centers in the US. 


Website provides information about recognizing the signs of suicide, creating a safety plan for a loved one, and finding help. 

TeenLine   1-800-852-8336

Hotline has representatives available 9am to 1am, 7 days a week to provide crisis counseling to teens who are in suicidal crisis or emotional distress.   Trained teen counselors can provide counseling about drug abuse, self-injury, and other issues.  Confidential, Anonymous, and Free in the US. 

Samariteens 1-800-252-8336

Hotline has teen counselors available 7 days a week, 9am to 1am  to provide crisis counseling to teens who are in emotional distress or suicidal crisis. Confidential, Anonymous, and Free in US.

Website provides information about suicide and the hotline.

International Association for Suicide Prevention   

Website lists hotlines which offer immediate crisis counseling by phone to those who are in suicidal or emotional distress in over 100 countries.  Provided hotlines are Confidential, Anonymous, and Free in respective country.   

Disclaimer: The information you obtain at this website is not, nor is it intended to be, psychological advice or therapy, nor does it establish a therapist/client relationship. You should consult a mental health professional for individual advice regarding your own situation.